鄂州| 勉县| 同安| 雅安| 商都| 萍乡| 尼木| 鸡泽| 东西湖| 昌吉| 宽甸| 商都| 双桥| 烈山| 郎溪| 鼎湖| 珠穆朗玛峰| 三穗| 邳州| 安塞| 塘沽| 务川| 阿拉善右旗| 永城| 宜君| 弋阳| 敦化| 长葛| 叶县| 霍邱| 象州| 弥勒| 昌黎| 沧县| 赤壁| 东丽| 崇信| 安图| 宜宾县| 岳阳市| 张家口| 嵊泗| 霍邱| 新乡| 姚安| 华宁| 铜川| 南充| 黄冈| 翼城| 上犹| 临潼| 郸城| 长乐| 和硕| 盂县| 昌江| 富裕| 开远| 前郭尔罗斯| 渠县| 铁山港| 资溪| 神农顶| 琼山| 黄埔| 乡城| 曲沃| 金山| 利津| 白沙| 林甸| 南浔| 右玉| 德昌| 湘潭县| 召陵| 太仓| 高青| 五指山| 息烽| 金口河| 赤城| 和县| 桦南| 朔州| 永德| 固阳| 楚州| 北海| 璧山| 兴山| 丹寨| 肇东| 恩施| 蒲县| 镇沅| 丰城| 华蓥| 户县| 九龙坡| 五家渠| 祁县| 浚县| 伽师| 莫力达瓦| 马鞍山| 新邱| 泗县| 简阳| 梅河口| 南安| 洪湖| 永寿| 临潭| 汉川| 南城| 乌兰察布| 子洲| 河曲| 内江| 涿鹿| 泸西| 柳州| 沁水| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 曲麻莱| 九寨沟| 穆棱| 汤阴| 金坛| 双流| 博鳌| 吴桥| 雅安| 乌拉特中旗| 阿瓦提| 介休| 错那| 容县| 双柏| 安陆| 花垣| 海宁| 武陵源| 伊宁市| 临猗| 冀州| 保山| 昌平| 宜阳| 吉安县| 怀仁| 疏附| 新宁| 昌江| 开封县| 全南| 麻栗坡| 合水| 澳门| 彭泽| 金川| 黑河| 息烽| 循化| 集美| 娄烦| 咸宁| 楚雄| 蓝田| 丰南| 拜城| 云龙| 平房| 和林格尔| 塔什库尔干| 嵩明| 台北县| 波密| 介休| 富拉尔基| 荆州| 鄂尔多斯| 天峻| 德兴| 苍溪| 铁力| 小河| 格尔木| 浦江| 诏安| 资兴| 广平| 岚山| 浏阳| 黄骅| 噶尔| 沿河| 崇州| 米泉| 长沙县| 闻喜| 九台| 石棉| 香格里拉| 隆尧| 柯坪| 垦利| 定西| 沾益| 隆林| 长清| 南岳| 大洼| 无锡| 大方| 澄江| 阳信| 甘肃| 阿克塞| 侯马| 榆林| 南阳| 邓州| 广元| 仁布| 芮城| 无棣| 乌伊岭| 甘孜| 昌黎| 头屯河| 万源| 互助| 慈溪| 沁县| 定兴| 临泽| 金阳| 临潼| 平鲁| 莘县| 乐清| 阿克苏| 甘泉| 大关| 阳原| 南澳| 泰宁| 高港| 利辛| 商洛| 大兴| 达州| 德保| 安乡| 东莞| 澳门| 监利| 西藏| 含山| 连城|

《中国记者》杂志

2019-09-15 15:29 来源:新浪家居

  《中国记者》杂志

  []Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

  []Thereformandopening-uppolicyimplementedoverthepastfourdecadeshasbeenhighlyproductiveforChinainparticular,,ledbyDengXiaoping,soughttoachievenationalrejuvenationandbuildapeaceful,,ledbytheCommunistPartyofChina,unleashedeconomicreform,,"socialismwithChinesecharacteristics"in1978torejuvenatethecgninvestmentandentrepreneurspushedChinaforwardandconsolidateditseconomic,political,,,800millionpeoplehavebeenliftedoutofpovertysofar,accordingtotheWorldBank,andChinahasbecometheworld,PremieroftheChineseStateCouncil,saidinthefirstsessionofthe13thNationalPeoplesCongressthatmorethan68millionpeoplehadbeenliftedoutofpovertyinthepastfiveyears—indicatingthatonaverage,37,,ChinabecamethetopcontributortotheglobalGDPgrowth,anditseconomicgrow,marketforceshadmobilizedprivateenterprisesandindivi,industrializationandstructural,Chinaisalsoleadingtheworldinhigh-speedrail,e-commerce,"goglobal"and"bringingin"approach,the,amegainfrastructureprojectproposedbyChinesePresidentXiJinpinginSeptember2013,Chinainvestedmorethan$,,,Chinasshareintheglobaleconomyhasreachedroughly15percentanditscontributiontoglobalgrowthexceeded30percent,,Chineseenterprisesinvestedin7,,stotalimportandexportofgoodsreached$,,4,986for,46millionpeopletraveledabroadand48millionforeignerstraveledtoChinain2008;whereasonly200,,Chinesediplom,from18to172countries,sisolationandchangedtheworld,rningabouttheircultureandhistory,andhavealsoguidedothernationstolearnaboutChina,,spragmaticapproachtoreformwasconductivetoa"transitionwithouttears".Theroutethecountryhastakeninthepast40years,,currently,,economy,diplomatictiesandfriendlyrelationswiththeoutsideworld,-thefirstSino-Kazakhcoproduction-ofXiandKazakhPre,thetwocountriestopleadersalsometsomecrewandcastmembers,includingChineseA-listersHuJun,YuanQuan,andKazakhactorBerikAitzhanov,aswellasJonathanShen,founderandCEOoftheBeijing-basedShineworkPictures,andSerikZhubandykov,seniorvice-presidentofKazakhfilmJSC,,HuplaysXian,actressYuanplaysXianswifeQianYunlingandAitzhanovplaysBakhitzhanBaykadamov,aKazakhcomposerandXian,theideaofthefilmcamefromXisspeechmadeatNazarbayevUniversityonSept7,,duringhisstatevisittoKazakhstan,XitoldastorytoexplainwhythereisanavenuenamedafterXianinthecountry,atthestartofGreatPatrioticWarin1941,XianwasintheformerSovietUniontocomposescoresforadocumentarytitledYanywherehereceivedhelpfromBaykadamov,ar,XiancomposedmanyworksincludingLiberationoftheNation,SacredWar,,,Shensaysthatthemovieisthecompanysfirstfilminitsbidt,ShineworkplanstoproducetheSino-RussianBladesofSteel,andTsunami,ized,,thecapitalofKazakhstan,,generalmanagerofShinework,saysthefilminglastedforaroundfiveandahalfmonths,andthemovieisnowinitspostproductionphase."ThemovieissettoopensimultaneouslyinChinaandKazakhstanbytheendofthisyear,"-whoisfamiliartoChineseaudienceforhistough-manroles-waschosentoplaythelead,WangsaysHusfondnessforplayin,XiansstrengthandcharacterplayedaroleinHugettingthepart,,shesays:"AlthoughXianisamusician,heis,suchasthehouseholdYellowRiverCantataandOnTheTaihangMountains."So,Hustoughtemperamentiswhatweneededfortheprotagonist."Inthemovie,HuneededtospeakalotofRussian,,andthemovieisdirectedbyveteranfilmmakerXierzatiYahefufromtheXinjiangUygurautonomousregion,whosesignaturefilmsGenuineLoveandFlowerhavereceivedacclaiminastringofoverseasfestivals.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.

PeoplewavegoodbyeonTuesdaytostudentsonabuswhoareabouttotakenationalcollegeentranceexamsinLuan,/ChinaNewsService12gangssmashed,equipmentseizedbeforenationalcollegeentranceexamTheMinistryofPublicSecurityhascoordinatedlocalauthoritiesinacrackdownoncriminalgangsthatmanufacturedandsoldhigh-techdevicesforcheatingontheupcomingnationalcollegeentranceexamination,knownasthegaokao,,launchedinLiaoning,Shandong,Hubei,GuangdongandSichuanprovincesandtheInnerMongoliaautonomousregioninlateMay,resultedinthebustingof12criminalgangsandtheseizureofover100,000setsofwirelessdevicesforcheating,,saleanduseofwirelesscheatingequipmentseriouslyjeopardizesthesecurityoftheexamination,,localauthoritiesaroundthecountryarrestedmorethan50criminalsuspectsfrom12criminalgangs,destroyedsixequipmentproductionlinesandeightsalesdens,andseizedmorethan100,,,theministryhastakenactionagainstcybercrimeandcrackeddownontechnologicalcheatingaides,theille,aseniorresearcherattheNationalInstituteofEducationSciences,saidthewaysstudentscheatareconstantlychanging,andeffortstopreventcheatingshouldbeappreciated."Thisisnecessary,becauseforanexamthataffectsstudentsfuturedevelopment,fairnessshouldbeguaranteed,",high-techmeasuressuchasfacialrecognitionandfingerprintverificataw,whichcameintoeffectonNov1,eexam,

  Kulangsu,asmallislandofftheshoreofXiameninFujianprovince,andHohXil,anaturereserveinQinghaiprovince,wereaddedtothkow,,calledKulangsuinthelocaldialectandknownforitswell-preservedhistoricalbuildings,andHolXil,aplateaufamousforitsnaturalbeautyandbiodiversity,Chinanowhas52sitesinscribedontheUNESCOWorldHeritagelist,whichwasestablishedtosafegsrecaponthe52heritagesitesinChina,whichmaygiveyousomecluesonyournexttravelplan.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.PengChao,adisabledstudentfromSichuanprovince,/ForChinaDailyThisweek,millionsofhopefulswilltakethegruelingcollegeentryexam,butforonegroup,itpresentsanevengreaterchallenge,,Chinasnationalcollegeentranceexam,,whoundertakeasmanyasthreedaysofintensiveteststhat,inmanycases,,itisoftsity;onetrackisstandard,reamestablishmentsaslongasthey"areabletoadapt",,inrecentyearsthecountryhasbeenprovidinggreaterassistanceforstudentswithdisabilities,especial,theMinistryofEducationpublishedanoticestipulatingthatexaminingbodiesshouldprovidethenecessaryassistancean,theministryandtheChinaDisabledPersonsFederationissuedaguidelinethatrequiredexaminingbodiesnationwidetooffer"reasonable"assistancetostudentswithdisabilitiestakingthetest,,blindandvisuallyimpairedstudentsshouldbeprovidedwithexampapersinBrailleorbearinglarge-printcharacters,whilethosewithhearingdisabilitiesareallowedtousehearingaidsandcanbeexempte,andthedurationofthetests,whichusuallylasttwoortwoandahalfhours,,5,626studentsappliedforassistanceofsomesortduringlastyear,sayingtheywillbetterservetheneedsofstudentswithdisabilities,buttheyalsocalledformoreassistancetailoredtomeetstudents,a23-year-oldfromGuangzhou,Guangdongprovince,,shespentthenightbeforethegaokaopracticingfillinginthesmallboxesonmultiplechoicepapers."Thetinyboxesontheanswersheetlookedlikeantstome,soinadditiontomakingsureIlearnedalltheacademicpoints,theotherthingIdidfrequentlywastofillinasmanyanswersheetsaspossible,soIwouldhaveenoughtimeduringtheexam,"shesaid.

  TheproblematicplantoadaptthefamousnovelBumiManusia(EarthofMankind)intoafilmand,buttheabilitytodigestthewriters/indeedthetragiclovestorybetweenthemaincharacters,,:thatAnneliesseparationfromMinkedepictsthepowerlessnessofthecolonizedpeopleastheoppressedinthefaceofthelaw,imposedonthembytheoppressor;thatMinkesshiftfromaspoiledwriterwhoinitiallyonlywantedhiswritingtobeappreciatedbytheupper-classoppressors,toanationalistwriterwhowantedhisworkstoinspirehisfellowbrothersandsistersisacallfornationalismandsocialmovement;howNyaiOntosorohsout-of-her-time,courageousindependencefromherrottenhusbandisacallforfreedom,,themoreonereadsthebookhopefullyfollowedbyothersinthetrilogythemoreonewillfindideastodiscuss,,BumiManusiaisareputableliterarywork,notonlynationallybutglobally,l,especi,,,asIwillnotj,IdefinitelyexpectthatHanunghasafullgr,NoviaRianiPutridismissedpeonalmaterialnortheauthor,andsaidBumiManusiacouldbepopularamo,shesaidnobodywouldactuallybothertoreadaclassicandthicknovelofothercountrieswithold-languagestyleaseventhenativespeakers[ofthoseworks]mostlyreadthemaspartofahighschooltask,,AhmadToharisRonggengDukuhParuk(DancerofParukVillage)wouldonlymeanastoryofaneroticdancer,UmarKayamsParaPriyayi(TheNobility)wouldbenothingmorethanafamilydramaandAchdiatKartaMihardjasAtheiswouldbemerelyanothertragiclovestory.(mut)***ThewriterisanIndonesianlectureratGuangdongUniversityofForeignStudies,Guangzhou,ent,TeachersCollege,ColumbiaUniversity,NewYork,theUnitedStates.

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingmeetswithGermanChancellorAngelaMerkel,inBeijing,capitalofChina,May24,2018.[Photo/Xinhua]Lastweek,GermanChancellorAngelaMerkelconcludedher11thvisittoChinasince2005,,thel,fromJanuarytoMay,EuropeanleaderssuchasFrenchPresidentEmmanuelMacron,BritishPrimeMinisterTheresaMay,DutchPrimeMinisterMarkRutteandAustrianPresidentAlexanderVanderBellenvisitedChina,,mainlybecauseoftheunstablepoliciesoftheUS,thedialoguebetweenEuropeanUnionmemberstatesandChina,statements,mediareportsandcommuniquésshowtheirmeetingshavebeen,byandlarge,,alltheEuropeanleadershavesupportedtheChina-proposedBeltandRoadInitiativeandagreedtoworkwithChinatopromoteglobalization,,MerkelsaidshesupportsChinascooperationeffortsinEurope,sodotheleadersofthe16CentralandEasternEuropeancountries,ina,whichces,especiallyoncooperationonforeignpolicies,nges,,someEUofficialsareinfluencedbyideologyand/orlobbyinggroups,,heurgedthatChinaandGer,theideologicaldifferencesarepreventingsomeEUcountriesfromcapitalizingontheopportunitiescreatedbyChinaDonaldTusk,theyneedtomakemoreeffortstoliftBeijing-Brusselsrelationstoanewlevel,especiallybecausetheyarelosingconfidenceinWashington,,whowastheprimeministerofLuxemburgfrom1995to2013andministeroffinancesfrom1989to2009beforeheadingtheEC,srelationsforeigninvestmentinthefinancial,serviceandhigh-endmanu,therefore,theEUleadersshouldmakeeffortstoestab,BeijingandBrusselscanatleastexchan,TuskandJuncker,whentheyvisitChinalaterthisyeartoholdtheirannualmeetingswithChineseleaders,mustshowtheyareeagertodothesame,sothatBeijingandBrusselscanfulfilltheirdueglobalresponsibilitiesofpromotingfreetradeanddee

  ,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  AnembroideredsilkdressisshowcasedattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.[]ZhouWei,theevent’scuratorandassistanttothedirectoroftheChinaNationalSilkMuseum,saidtheexhibitioninfusednewdesignswithtraditionalcraftsman,thecenteralsoheldapubliclectureon"ReconstructionofChineseSilksDesignMaterials"onJune4,andanindustrialexchangemeetingthemed"Reconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofSilk"onJune5topromoteinternationalcooperationinsilkproducts.USPresidentDonaldTrumpwalkswiththeDPRKstopleaderKimJong-unattheCapellahotelonSentosaislandinSingaporeonTuesday.[Photo/Agencies]ThenewTrump-Kimjointagreementcouldproveapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”However,it’snotjustaboutdenuclearization;:Followinghoursofclosed-doortalksinCapellahotelinSingapore,USPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-unsignedajointfour-pointagreement:toestablishnewUS-DPRKrelations,astablepeaceregime,aDPRKcommitmenttoachievethe“completedenuclearization”oftheKoreanPeninsula,,theagreementdoesnotincludeafirm“verifiable”and“irreversible”,theTrump-Kimagreementisnotafinaldeal,,itshouldbeseenasapromising“memorandumofunderstanding.”,,ag,arealpeaceandstabilityrequiresfarmorethanafour-pointagreemen,DPRKiscus,Pyongyanghaslong–andjustifiably––afterWashingtonhadlostitsnuclearmonopolytotheSovietUnion-theearlysetbacksintheKoreanWarpromptedGeneralMacArthurtoconsiderusingnuclearweaponsagainsttheChineseandNorthKoreans–touseradioactivefalloutzonestodisruptChinesesupplychains-until,,between1950and1953,theUSsubjectedDPRKtoadevastatingbombingcampaign,whichdestroyed85percentofthecountry’sbuildingsandcausedonemillioncivilianstodie;morethantheentireciviliandeathsinWorldWarIIbombingofGermanyandJapan,,WashingtonhasseenDPRKasa“roguestate.”EvenwiththeSovietUnion,Washingtonsupported“peacefulcoexistence,”butwithDPRK,onlya“temporaryceasefire.”That’,Trump’sstatementinthepressconferencethattheUShadagreedtostopplaying“wargames”withPyongyang,referringtothejointmilitaryexerciseswithSouthKorea,“bringoursoldiersbackhome”fromDPRK,headmitteditwas“notpartoftheequationrightnow.”Typically,thedecisiontoceasethej’,hehadnearlyagreedtotheG7Summitcommuniqué,,dealsareseldomfixedentities,,formerUSpresidentJimmyCarterwhohasnegotiatedwithseveralDPRKleaders,notedthat,foralongtime,Pyongyanghassoughta“peacetreatytoreplacethe[1953]ceasefire.”Inhisexperience,inedIrannucleardeal,thatised2013NewYear’saddress,KimJong-unadvocated"aradicalturninthebuildingofaneconomicgiantonthestrengthofscienceandtechnologybyfanningtheflamesoftheindustrialrevolutioninthenewcentury.”Theseeconomiceffortsshould“bemanifestedinthepeople’sstandardofliving.”,PresidentObamaoptedforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia”’soutlineforaPentagon-led“pivottoAsia,”,theobjectivewastoseizetheopportunitytocooperatewiththethen-presidentofSouthKorea,ParkGeun-hye,,insteadofrapprochement,WashingtonpushedforaTerminalHighAltitudeAreaDefense(THAAD),THAADwouldkilltwobirdswithonestone:itwouldsubduePyongyangand,ifneeded,,however,fellapartinearly2017,,,Park’sconservativeswereabletopostponetherepealoftheOperationControlagreement(OPCON),/USCombinedForcesCommand(CFC)isto“deterhostileactsofexternalaggression”SouthKoreabya“combinedmilitaryeffort.”TheCFCiscommandedbyaUSGeneralandithasoperationalcontrol(OPCON)overmorethan600,,USintere,atrueandlastingpeaceintheKorrtthetalks,thenullificationofimpeachmenteffortsagainsttheWhiteHouse,minimallossesfortheincumbentsintheUSmid-termelections,anotherTrumpelectiontriumphin2020–and’savery,,TrumpandKimtookthefirst,,ChinaandAmericaInstitute(US),theShanghaiInstitutesforInternationalStudies(China)andtheEUCenter(Singapore).

  

  《中国记者》杂志

 
责编:

多专家谈无人机编队技术:“蜂群”或改变战场规则

2019-09-15 08:03:00 环球时报 刘扬 分享
参与
AerialphototakenonMay4,2018showssceneryoftheFushanBayinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit.[Photo/Xinhua]QINGDAO-DazzlingagainstthecityskylineofQingdao,fireworkslitupthefacesofguestswhotraveledacrossthevastEurasiancontinenttothecoastoftheYellowSeaforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,sexpansioninJune2017whenIndiaandPakistanjoinedasfullmembers.","saidPresidentXiJinpingatawelcomedinnerSaturdayevening.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization."TheShanghaiSpiritofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,wasstatedintheCharteroftheSCO,acomprehensiveregionalorganizationfoundedin2001byChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,t,whichisattendedbyleadersofotherSCOmemberstatesandfourobserverstates,(BFA),XiaddressedtheopeningceremonyoftheannualconferenceoftheBFA,attendedbymorethan2,,Xiunveilednewmeasuresforexpandingreformandopeningupandheralded"anewphaseofopeningup",Shandong,thehomeprovinceofConfucius."AnintegralpartofChinesecivilization,Confucianismbelievesthatajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongoodandchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,"Xitoldtheguests."ItsemphasisonunityandharmonyhasmuchincommonwiththeShanghaiSpirit."

  本报记者 刘 扬

【环球网无人机 环球时报记者 刘扬】日前,为庆祝正月十五元宵节,广州用1000架无人机组成编队创作出一幅幅光影佳作(如图)。这已经不是无人机首次进行大规模编组表演或试验了。美国流行音乐天后LadyGaga在美国超级碗上献唱时,身后出现由300架无人机布成的“星空”随着她的歌声翩翩起舞,甚至还排列成美国国旗的图案。无人机编组不仅在民用领域成为最劲爆的表演形式,美军也在测试无人机“蜂群”技术。这一技术实现起来有多大难度?除了进行空中编队表演,它是否真的具有很大的军用潜力呢?多名中国无人机专家12日接受《环球时报》记者采访时表示,随着无人机蜂群技术的成熟与应用,它将深刻改变未来的战场规则。

  大规模无人机编队具体可能会涉及哪些关键技术呢?一名不愿透露姓名的中国无人机专家12日书面回复《环球时报》记者时表示,除了卫星定位技术,还有很多技术会被用到无人机群组技术当中。特别是蜂群这样的概念。首先,要具有视觉的态势感知能力,这样才能在如此近的距离下获得合作目标的位置信息。另外一个就是通讯技术。这需要强实时、高可靠性的通信支撑来处理和指挥无人机系统,这里面的通讯技术是一个挑战。不光要强实时,还需要高可靠。通讯不能时断时续,还要发出准确的指令,否则对一个蜂群来说可能是毁灭性的事情。

  中国航空专家王亚男12日对《环球时报》记者表示,目前大规模编组是无人机技术很时髦的探索方向,虽然民用技术与军用技术看起来表现形式差不多,但两者的要求与技术背景是不同的。所以目前相关技术的最高技术标准肯定都在军用领域,军用无人机蜂群对单个无人机的自主性要求更高。王亚男认为,无人机蜂群技术在军用领域的应用价值巨大,一旦技术成熟,将深刻改变战场规则,绝不只是用于空中秀。首先,在军用通信方面,100架无人机未来可以组成一个通信网络,最前方无人机侦察到的情报可以通过这个网络传输到纵横几十公里甚至上百公里的后方,就像昆虫的复眼一样可以看到很丰富的信息,然后再把这些信息整合之后传回后方,即便这个蜂群遭到攻击,损失掉一部分无人机,对于整个任务的完成也不会造成影响。其次,在打击领域,最前方无人机侦察到的情报可以给后方的有人机使用,有人机就可以发射武器进行攻击,蜂群中的无人机如果搭载了武器也可以进行协同攻击,对手根本不知道炸弹来自哪架无人机,所以也很难防范与反击。甚至可以控制蜂群中的小无人机钻进对手战斗机的进气道,将对手战机“击落”,还可以用它们来进行定点杀伤,一个小无人机携带20-50克的炸弹,可以摧毁一个高价值装备或者特定人物,而无人机蜂群一旦形成网络化是很难防范的,因为在蜂群中没有指挥官,也没有关键节点,任何一架无人机的地位都是平等的。

  而上述匿名专家认为,蜂群技术在航空领域前途无量,它甚至会带来无人机技术构架模式的一种变革。目前,造一架无人机需要将大量任务载荷都集成在同一个无人机上。在载荷轻小化的前提下,可以将这些载荷分散安装在多个小型或微型无人机上。在总体性能一样的情况下,分布式的最大优势就是,抗摧毁能力较强,单个节点损失不会影响到整个系统的安全,甚至都不会影响它完成任务的能力。

  该专家表示,一旦无人机群组实现了无人化,这个系统理论上是可以根据任务载荷拆分成数个小系统的。这样就会带来规则上的巨大改变。如果用现在的技术,与分布式系统进行对抗的话,你都无法摧毁它。如果用低空武器或空空武器来对付它们,你要付出的代价要远大于对方付出的成本。所以整个对抗形式及规则需要作出相应改变。如何摧毁或瘫痪这一系统是一个重要的研究方向。

  他认为,现在咱们看到的这种微小型蜂群技术也只是蜂群技术的起点。它最后发展的形态就不是蜂群概念了,蜂群、蚁群,可能会出现各种群的概念交错,从而进入整个无人系统对抗的时代。

  王亚男也认为,无人机蜂群未来可能将融入所有武器系统之中,既可以无人机之间组网,也可能是无人机与有人机组网,甚至与卫星、空中作战飞机、勤务飞机组网,与地面装备、舰船组网。对于中国防务部门有没有进行类似美军无人机蜂群的预研,他表示,中国民用无人机已经进行多次大规模集群试验,而在强调技术赶超的背景下,中国防务部门肯定也会重视无人机的集群技术,但是否会采用和美军类似的控制方式、算法还不得而知。▲

责编:赵汗青
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